13. Measure, Bar and Staff

Read and Play Music Rhythms Part 2 – 8th Note Clichés
8 minutes
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Hello ladies and gentlemen, my name is Seth Roach. Today we're going to be talking about the measure or the bar. This is where musicians can put all the information to know how to play a song or read the music. Today we're going to learn how to look at this, how to divide it, and some different common terms that you will use when dealing with this guy here. Alright, first of all, it's like a staff, nothing we can say, staff. Normally you'll see a staff it's got five lines.

Right now this measure is not really telling me too much because we're missing a time signature. So normally in most songs, if you remember from finding the one, most songs have four beats in it, so 1234 away Indicate the time is by placing a time signature. So normally you'll see it like you'll see like a treble clef or bass clef, something like that. And right on the side of this, you'll see like a time signature, maybe a four and a four, or a three, and a four. All right, we're not going to be looking at the three, four, we're going to be looking at four, four, and we're not really worrying about pitch. So we don't even need this guy.

Really, this is what we're focusing on. And just the fact that this is a box of time, okay, so this is how we will be looking at writing rhythms with just a plain box like this without your lines indicating the pitch frequency. And we're going to put our time signature over here. So we'll put our four for like that. I don't want you to really work about what the top four means or the bottom four right now, I just want you to know that four and a four like this means that there's four beats in the measure. So this is our manager, our bar.

We need to divide this up into four quarters. I don't know if you're good at math. I was okay. Not the best. Right? So we take this measure now we've cut it into two halves.

Now we've got our four cores. One thing you're going to hear a lot is like a downbeat. Yeah, you hear people talk about down beats. So really downbeat is going to occur each quarter space here. So we will have four downbeat downbeats 1234 All right. So if you remember some of the notes that we were talking about, we had notes like a quarter note, Scott here.

We had notes like a half note, stuff like this quarter rest, or half rest or whole rest. I hope you're reviewing that stuff. So let's look at each one of these boxes as being able to contain some information. So let's look at this first box here. First downbeat, right? This is a quarter of the measure.

So let's think of all the possible notes that we have looked at that can fit there. We know for sure That a quarter note could fit in there. We know for sure that a quarter rest could fit in there. Um, we looked at eighth notes, so we know that too to eighth notes could fit in this one. So this would be considered one beat cliches because they can fit into one of these boxes. So to give you an example of what these one beat cliches could sound like, put a quarter note in here so it'd be like 1234.

Bomb. Swan bomb, right? What's this? So that's a one beat cliche. Now we can Add another one beat cliche, and then we can add another. And then another one be cliche.

So we've got four beats of information here. But technically each one of these is like a one beat cliche. So this would be like 1234. Yes, that yes. Okay, now let's look at two beat cliches, this is where things will get a little more interesting, right? So, uh, to be cliche, for example, the easiest probably to visualize would be just a good oh half note, right?

Because this half note is going to receive half of the measure, which would be two beats, okay. So this note is not One big cliche, and it's just extended No, this guy is considered to take up this box and this box. So it's like you could almost even erase this long. That's what a two beat cliche really, you know, would look like. So it's impossible to fit a half into one of these cores. So that's why we call it to be cliche.

Here's an example of what this to beat cliche sounds like. There we go. 1234 Ah, so, ah 1234 ah, another easy one to visualize before eighth notes, Four eighth notes as we can tie them all together. It makes it easier to visualize rhythms as units when you're especially when you're trying to sight read something like a piece of music that you've never even seen before. So this would look like this. You have two eighth notes within this one quarter here.

This and we might as well erase this one because now we are crossing here. So this is actually a two beat cliche. So when you see these four eighth notes tied together like this, you know that that's going to take up two beats. Okay, so let's see what this sounds like. So 1234 to be Do that faster 1234 ba ba ba ba, ba ba, ba. All right, that's all for now.

See you in the next video.

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