Crop Vs. Full Frame Cameras

Photography - 101 Learning More About Your Camera
5 minutes
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In this video, I want to show you all the difference between a crop versus a full frame camera, we're going to talk about the difference in these formats. And we're going to do it a little bit differently in a moment, we're gonna get a hero shot of our lovely models, which we used earlier. This is Yvette and Olivia, they are both very smart people, but they're not photographers, right? Okay, have you guys do you guys have a DSLR? Do you guys have any iPhone? Do you take pictures in any sort?

Okay, so what we're gonna do is when talk about sensors, and I want you guys to kind of help me to explain this back to the audience. Well, at least helped me answer questions. Okay, and if we can teach it to somebody that doesn't have a camera or a DSLR. Well, all of you guys should be able to understand as well. Alright, so crop versus full frame. Now all we're talking about here with these different terms crop frame, full frame, medium format, large format, all it is is just the size of the sensor inside of the camera.

Now back when we're shooting film that was the size of film now it's the size of the actual digital sensor inside of these DSLRs. But basically, full frame is based The 35 millimeter standard film format and you guys are looking me kind of glassy eyed right now, I'm not gonna go into a whole speech on where this standard came out. I'm gonna give you guys two sentences, basically using film from George Eastman. You guys, Have you guys heard of this? These are some famous names George Eastman Eastman Kodak, Kodak. Okay, so using film from Kodak, we have William Dixon and also Thomas Edison, another 12 to actually famous names, but Thomas Edison for sure.

We all know right now in the early 1900s, this is when the motion picture patents company came along, and they decided that the 35 millimeter film gauge was going to be adopted as the standard size. Okay, so that's basically the history on it's all I'm gonna give you guys is an interesting read. So if you guys are interested in the history of film, go check it out. But that's all for we're going to be here. So this is what essentially kind of influenced all cinema and photography since then. So anything that was essentially smaller than 35 millimeters became a crop sensor or crop, basically film format.

Anything that was larger became medium format or large format and anything that was 35 millimeters became 35 millimeter or full frame format. Okay, so everything that we have in photography is really based around this, the 35 millimeter format as far as the size and this is kind of tough to think about, but it's 24 millimeters tall by 36 millimeters wide. So if you take 24, and you put it over 36 if you simplify that basic math, all right, I hate math. So I'm gonna give you the answers I'm not gonna ask you, if we simplify, it becomes two over three, right? And two, three is actually the standard aspect ratio of 35 millimeter film and you might hear aspect ratio every now and then that's all it's talking about. It's two units tall for every three units wide and that's where we get the four by six, the most common print size of all we all love our four by sixes which you can get for like 17 cents now at Costco.

Pretty good deal. Alright, so that's the two by three aspect ratio. Now if people talk about other cameras, like say for example, a Micro Four Thirds camera All it is is a small sensor. That's a four third aspect ratio. So it's just a different size and ratio. It's basically four units wide by three units tall.

Okay, so it's pretty simple. Now, that's it for the size of sensors. Okay, so question time I'm going to ask you guys help me out. full frame camera. What is the size of that sensor or film? If it's 3535 millimeters awesome.

Now a crop sensor camera for example, this rebel is a crop sensor camera. So is the sensor nest smaller or larger than full frame? Smaller? you're answering all the questions Livia. Okay, what about medium or large format? Is it larger or smaller than full frame?

Larger, larger? Okay, so all we're talking about is just the physical size right? That's pretty simple to understand. But there's one other thing the physical size of the sensor inside the camera is also going to affect the actual Well, I want to say the effective focal length of the lens It's not going to change the focal length physically, but it changes what you can actually see. I'm going to give you an example here. This is a 35 millimeter lens.

Okay? Now you guys are familiar that with a 35 versus 50 versus 70, the higher the number that you go in the focal length, what happens the more that it zooms in. You guys are familiar with that. Okay. glassy eyed looking, okay. Okay.

All right. So, the more we go, the more it's it's the higher the number, the more the zoom. Okay, but the thing is that on a 35 millimeter lens, if it's on a crop sensor camera, we don't actually see the entire area, the lens, for example, if the area the lens is let's say, we'll draw a box like this. Alright, so here's our box right here. So if this is what the 35 millimeter is seeing, if it's on a crop camera, it's only seeing the inside portion of this. So basically, we're cutting out the outside edges.

Now effectively, what's happening is that it's changing the view. So it's actually kind of zooming in. It's not zooming in physically It's just that the view changes. Alright, so we're ready to move on a shooting you guys done with camera talk? Yes. That was way more emphatic than I thought they would be.

Apparently, I bored them to death. All right, well, we're going to do is have them sitting down this pedestal, what we want to do is get a nice kind of hero shot of our female athletes. So we'll probably have a vest sitting, maybe I'll leave it behind, we're going to do some lighting, we're gonna need to do some compositional stuff. And what I'm going to do is I'm going to shoot it on my rebel which is our 1.6 crop, we're going to use the 35 millimeter lens. Again, effectively, this is going to be more like a 50 to 56 minute well 56 millimeters basically on this camera, and then we're going to shoot it with the same lens on the five D three where it'll actually be 35 millions because I want to show you how that effective view will change. Okay, let's get started.

We're going to sit him down and we're going to get him posed and then we're going to go ahead and light the scene, compose the shot, and we'll go from there.

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