How To Adjust Shutter Speed, Aperture, ISO

Photography - 101 Basic Photography Concepts
7 minutes
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Transcript

Alright, so in this video we want to go through and actually show everybody how to adjust our shutter speed or aperture, our ISO on a few different cameras, okay and also how to do a couple other basic things like switch your lenses and so forth, right basically how to adjust the exposure triangle, right. Let's get started. Okay, so I'm going to grab my Nikon here, I'll have Canon and we'll play nicely we'll play nice and play fair now I'm actually more used to shooting on canon because that's what I typically shoot on. But let's go ahead and flip them on. I'm on already Oh, well look at you. Yeah, more special.

Okay, let's get into manual mode. M which does not standing for master mode, right? I've got that dial. Okay, mine, I got mine down mine too. It's am on mine as well. Remember that we're getting into manual mode because if you're in any of the assisted modes, well, we can only control certain functions.

If we're an aperture priority. All we get is the aperture if we're in shutter priority, all we get is the shutter. If we're in programmed, we get ISO and certain things but again, we want to be in manual to have full control over everything. All right, so let's go ahead and start from the top with shutter speed, shall we? Wait, let's show them really quick how to take these lenses off, right? Let's do it.

Okay, so we're always good. Okay. Okay, so, canon, I've got a little button that can release and then I turn this clockwise. I think it's clockwise. Oh, no, it's counterclockwise. Just kidding.

It's reversed. Okay, so on my Nikon, I have the same button, but then I would turn to the left. Alright, and then same thing when I put it on, you don't need to press the button. You just line up the little white dot, I have white dots on these red dots on those. You just line them up to this side. And then pop it on twist until you hear that snapping lock sound.

Oftentimes, when you have the lens on your camera, if you get kind of weird malfunctions. Have you seen that? Yeah, it's because the lens isn't sitting properly on your camera. So you probably just have to reset maybe dust off a few of the sensors. Yeah, or sometimes it doesn't click in all the way like sometimes we don't click it in which is dangerous because can actually fall off. So if there's ever a lens issue where it's not focusing or something just checked to make sure it's snapped in and everything's in place.

Okay, so now let's move on to Ready, go. Okay shutter speed on my Nikon, I'm going to go ahead and flip on the live view so you guys can see this. I'll just turn around for you. So with my shutter speed, I'm going to control my shutter speed with this backdoor right here. So as I go to the right, well did it just turn off, it just turned off. Okay, there we go.

As I go to the right, you're going to see the shutter speed increasing in speed as I go to the left it is decreasing in speed, okay, so that is adjusting the shutter speed. And I have the dial up top over by my shutter release. And again, now shutter speed is measurements of time, right so you'll see a fraction. So one 800 is pretty fast. And then I can go the other way to slowing it down to maybe a fifth of a second somewhere there. One quick note.

Generally these functions are going to move as at default at about a third of a stop you can actually change in the menu basically in the advancement It allows you to change how you want these adjustments to move if you want them in increments of a third or a half or so forth. I just keep it default I like having more options basically. So the aperture is the same way. Let's go ahead and speaking of aperture, let's move on to aperture. So aperture right now this on this lens, I have the 35 millimeter 1.8. So the widest it can get is 1.8.

Currently, it's set to f2. So at 2.0. What I can do on my Nikon is I have a little button right at the top right here and it's kind of hard to see but there's a little aperture icon there. What I have to do is hold this button down and while it's being held down, that's when I can adjust my aperture. So I'm going to hold it down with my right hand and then we'll just adjust with the left so if I go to the left side it goes wider. So this is 1.8 that's a widest it can go and as I go to the right it stops down and gets smaller and smaller and it gives me this nice little graphical display.

As it shows my after closing down, letting less light in. Alright, let's see it on the night. Oh yeah, can I mine has the same icon. However mine also says a V on it for aperture. So, if I press that down, oops, hold on. Let's turn mine on.

There we go. If I press mine down as I turn the dial, oops, hold on. Plenty of things. Yes. As I hold that button down and I turned my dial, you'll see and actually we're looking for the F number. Okay, that's your aperture.

It'll change my aperture just like it does on yours. Perfect. Okay, so let's go on to ISO now. Now ISO is gonna be a little different. These are basic entry level cameras, and so there's less dials on them. One of the reasons to get more advanced cameras is to have more dials more functionality, which makes it quicker to adjust things rather than holding multiple buttons down or just adjusting, you know with an individual button.

But for this camera to adjust my ISO, what I would do, I think probably the easiest way to get there is just to hit I and I'm going to bring my little D pad over to the ISO sensitivity and I can adjust up and down so to go to 200 ISO actually Go to one third increments as well you can see, yeah. Alright, so I can go down and pick any and it gives me a nice little picture next to it. That really doesn't tell me much. Okay, mine is cooler than yours because I mean I also have an ISO button and I can do my adjustments that way. But on mine, let's see, hold on, I can pick the ISO on Oh, I'm jealous. She's a touchpad.

So yeah, and then I can move my choices around if I wanted to. You can even touch with your finger I can t jealous. Okay, so that's it for the basics. Now let's go ahead and I'm going to show you guys an advanced well this is an advanced mirrorless camera. So this is one of those cameras that again, this is the Sony A seven art gives you more functionality makes things a little bit quicker to access. So for my shutter speed, I have a dial right here in the back.

It's a thumb dial that will adjust shutter speed. So let me just go ahead and flip this. You guys can see as I go up and down and adjust my shutter speed. Also I have a dial right at the Top, this is going to adjust my aperture up and down. Okay, nice yeah, and also have this dial on the back. And this will adjust my ISO up and down.

So it makes it very, very quick to basically move from these different functions, our five D Mark threes, they're the same way. The more advanced the camera, the more they kind of make these functions accessible to you. But with a basic DSLR they're trying to kind of keep things simple. Keep the buttons rather to kind of a minimalistic approach so it doesn't look so well overwhelming overwhelming when you first get the thing, right, all three different cameras, they all have an adjustment, icon button dial for aperture, shutter speed and ISO Yeah, sometimes it might be different locations. Sometimes you might have to jump into a menu to access certain things, but they are there. Okay, so that's it.

Be sure at this point, if you don't know how to adjust it on your camera. If you have say a point shoot that isn't like what we just showed or if you have a different model that isn't what we showed. Well just go ahead and pick up your manual and just check out how to adjust your aperture, your shutter speed and your ISO So manually in your camera, that way you guys know going forward. Alright, so that's it for this video. You guys ready? Well, I'm ready.

Let's go. I think they're ready. Okay.

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